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f+

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 10-Q

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2021

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from          to         

Commission File Number: 001-15957

Capstone Green Energy Corporation

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

95-4180883

(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)

16640 Stagg Street
Van Nuys, California
(Address of principal executive offices)

91406
(Zip Code)

818-734-5300

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

Trading Symbol(s)

Name of exchange on which registered

Common Stock, par value $.001 per share

CGRN

NASDAQ Capital Market

Series B Junior Participating Preferred Stock Purchase Rights

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes    No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes   No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes     No 

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock as of November 9, 2021 was 15,228,151.

Table of Contents

CAPSTONE GREEN ENERGY CORPORATION

INDEX

    

    

Page
Number

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.

Financial Statements (Unaudited)

3

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021

3

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Six Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020

4

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Three and Six Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020

5

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Six Months Ended September 30, 2021 and 2020

6

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

7

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

25

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

39

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

39

PART II — OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

40

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

40

Item 6.

Exhibits

41

Signatures

42

2

Table of Contents

PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements

CAPSTONE GREEN ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands, except share amounts)

(Unaudited)

September 30,

    

March 31,

 

2021

    

2021

 

Assets

Current Assets:

Cash and cash equivalents

$

38,267

$

49,533

Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $348 at September 30, 2021 and $314 at March 31, 2021

 

25,360

 

20,593

Inventories, net

 

18,023

 

11,829

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

4,310

 

4,953

Total current assets

 

85,960

 

86,908

Property, plant, equipment and rental assets, net

 

11,687

 

9,630

Non-current portion of inventories

 

1,752

 

1,845

Other assets

 

8,958

 

7,639

Total assets

$

108,357

$

106,022

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

Current Liabilities:

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

$

24,754

$

19,767

Accrued salaries and wages

 

1,351

 

1,889

Accrued warranty reserve

 

1,864

 

5,850

Deferred revenue

 

4,965

 

6,374

Current portion of notes payable and lease obligations

 

860

 

576

Total current liabilities

 

33,794

 

34,456

Deferred revenue - non-current

700

765

Term note payable, net

50,932

52,865

Long-term portion of notes payable and lease obligations

 

6,155

 

4,762

Total liabilities

 

91,581

 

92,848

Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)

Stockholders’ Equity:

Preferred stock, $.001 par value; 1,000,000 shares authorized; none issued

Common stock, $.001 par value; 51,500,000 shares authorized, 15,325,464 shares issued and 15,228,151 shares outstanding at September 30, 2021; 12,898,144 shares issued and 12,824,190 shares outstanding at March 31, 2021

 

15

 

13

Additional paid-in capital

 

946,278

 

934,381

Accumulated deficit

 

(927,447)

 

(919,271)

Treasury stock, at cost; 97,313 shares at September 30, 2021 and 73,954 shares at March 31, 2021

 

(2,070)

 

(1,949)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

16,776

 

13,174

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$

108,357

$

106,022

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements

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CAPSTONE GREEN ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

Three Months Ended

Six Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

 

    

2021

    

2020

    

2021

    

2020

 

Revenue:

    

Product and accessories

$

8,465

$

7,206

$

16,854

    

$

13,812

Parts and service

8,731

7,700

16,424

15,287

Total revenue

17,196

14,906

33,278

29,099

Cost of goods sold:

 

 

Product and accessories

8,797

7,347

17,790

14,147

Parts and service

5,689

4,997

10,130

9,017

Total cost of goods sold

14,486

12,344

 

27,920

 

23,164

Gross margin

 

2,710

 

2,562

 

5,358

 

5,935

Operating expenses:

Research and development

 

987

 

599

 

1,870

 

969

Selling, general and administrative

 

6,438

 

4,872

 

11,762

 

8,418

Total operating expenses

 

7,425

 

5,471

 

13,632

 

9,387

Loss from operations

 

(4,715)

(2,909)

 

(8,274)

 

(3,452)

Other income

 

(5)

 

11

 

660

 

15

Interest income

 

6

8

 

11

 

16

Interest expense

 

(1,278)

 

(1,313)

 

(2,513)

 

(2,604)

Gain on debt extinguishment

1,950

Loss before provision for income taxes

 

(5,992)

 

(4,203)

 

(8,166)

 

(6,025)

Provision for income taxes

 

2

 

9

 

10

 

10

Net loss

(5,994)

(4,212)

(8,176)

(6,035)

Less: Deemed dividend on purchase warrant for common shares

15

15

Net loss attributable to common stockholders

$

(5,994)

$

(4,227)

$

(8,176)

$

(6,050)

Net loss per common share attributable to common stockholders—basic and diluted

$

(0.40)

$

(0.38)

$

(0.58)

$

(0.56)

Weighted average shares used to calculate basic and diluted net loss per common share attributable to common stockholders

 

15,167

 

11,040

 

14,202

 

10,862

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements

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CAPSTONE GREEN ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(In thousands, except per share data)
(Unaudited)

Additional

Total

Common Stock

Paid-in

Accumulated

Treasury Stock

Stockholders’

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

Deficit

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Equity

Balance, March 31, 2021

12,898,144

$

13

$

934,381

$

(919,271)

 

73,954

$

(1,949)

$

13,174

Purchase of treasury stock

 

 

 

3,353

 

(29)

 

(29)

Vested restricted stock awards

19,096

 

29

 

 

 

 

29

Stock-based compensation

 

305

 

 

 

 

305

Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs

2,289,651

2

11,203

11,205

Net loss

 

 

(2,182)

 

 

 

(2,182)

Balance, June 30, 2021

15,206,891

15

945,918

(921,453)

 

77,307

(1,978)

22,502

Purchase of treasury stock

 

 

 

20,006

 

(92)

 

(92)

Vested restricted stock awards

48,313

 

53

 

 

 

 

53

Stock-based compensation

 

333

 

 

 

 

333

Stock awards to Board of Directors

70,260

 

 

 

 

 

Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs

(26)

(26)

Net loss

 

 

(5,994)

 

 

 

(5,994)

Balance, September 30, 2021

15,325,464

$

15

$

946,278

$

(927,447)

 

97,313

$

(2,070)

$

16,776

Additional

Total

Common Stock

Paid-in

Accumulated

Treasury Stock

Stockholders’

Shares

Amount

Capital

Deficit

Shares

Amount

Equity

Balance, March 31, 2020

    

10,286,366

$

10

$

915,755

$

(900,869)

 

57,577

$

(1,875)

$

13,021

Purchase of treasury stock

3,442

(4)

(4)

Vested restricted stock awards

16,126

4

4

Stock-based compensation

210

210

Issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs

782,448

1

1,371

1,372

Change in warrants valuation

99

99

Net loss

(1,823)

(1,823)

Balance, June 30, 2020

11,084,940

11

917,439

(902,692)

61,019

(1,879)

12,879

Purchase of treasury stock

9,403

(39)

(39)

Vested restricted stock awards

1,670

39

39

Stock-based compensation

219

219

Stock awards to Board of Directors

57,098

(38)

(38)

Deemed dividend on purchase warrant for common shares

15

(15)

Net loss

(4,212)

(4,212)

Balance, September 30, 2020

11,143,708

$

11

$

917,674

$

(906,919)

70,422

$

(1,918)

$

8,848

  

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements

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CAPSTONE GREEN ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)

(Unaudited)

Six Months Ended

September 30,

    

2021

    

2020

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

Net loss

$

(8,176)

$

(6,035)

Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:

Depreciation and amortization

 

844

 

703

Amortization of financing costs and discounts

 

17

 

605

Amortization of right-of-use assets

449

192

Gain on debt extinguishment

(1,950)

Reduction in accounts receivable allowances

 

 

(48)

Inventory provision

 

287

 

78

Provision for warranty expenses

 

143

 

179

Gain on disposal of equipment

 

(1)

Stock-based compensation

 

638

 

429

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

Accounts receivable

 

(4,767)

2,807

Inventories

 

(6,388)

 

7,079

Prepaid expenses, other current assets and other assets

 

1,327

 

946

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

 

4,363

 

(4,442)

Accrued salaries and wages and long term liabilities

 

(539)

 

(303)

Accrued warranty reserve

 

(4,129)

 

(686)

Deferred revenue

 

(1,474)

 

(1,523)

Net cash used in operating activities

 

(19,355)

 

(20)

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:

Expenditures for property, plant, equipment and rental assets

 

(2,623)

 

(1,116)

Net cash used in investing activities

 

(2,623)

 

(1,116)

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

Net proceeds from term note payable

1,935

Repayment of notes payable and lease obligations

 

(353)

 

(434)

Cash used in employee stock-based transactions

 

(121)

 

(43)

Net proceeds from issuance of common stock and warrants

 

11,186

 

1,392

Net cash provided by financing activities

 

10,712

 

2,850

Net increase (decrease) in Cash and Cash Equivalents

 

(11,266)

 

1,714

Cash and Cash Equivalents, Beginning of Year

 

49,533

 

15,068

Cash and Cash Equivalents, End of Year

$

38,267

$

16,782

Supplemental Disclosures of Cash Flow Information:

Cash paid during the period for:

Interest

$

2,567

$

2,038

Income taxes

$

17

$

14

Supplemental Disclosures of Non-Cash Information:

Acquisition of property and equipment through accounts payable

$

210

$

127

Renewal of insurance contracts financed by notes payable

$

567

$

593

Issuance of common stock for services to be received

$

75

$

Deemed dividend

$

$

15

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements

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CAPSTONE GREEN ENERGY CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Unaudited)

1.  Business and Organization

Capstone Green Energy Corporation (“Capstone”, or the “Company”) is a provider of customized microgrid solutions and on-site energy technology systems focused on helping customers around the globe meet their environmental, energy savings, and resiliency goals.  These   solutions include stationary distributed power generation applications and distribution networks, including cogeneration (combined heat and power (“CHP”), integrated combined heat and power (“ICHP”), and combined cooling, heat and power (“CCHP”), renewable energy, natural resources, and critical power supply. In April 2021, the Company added additional products to its portfolio and shifted its focus to four key business lines. The Energy Conversion Products business line is driven by the Company’s industry-leading, highly efficient, low-emission, resilient microturbine energy systems, which offer scalable solutions in addition to a broad range of customer-tailored solutions, including hybrid energy systems and larger frame industrial turbines. Through the Energy as a Service business line, the Company offers rental solutions utilizing its microturbine energy systems and battery storage systems, comprehensive factory protection plan service contracts that guarantee life-cycle costs, as well as aftermarket spare parts. The Company’s two emerging business lines are Energy Storage Products and Hydrogen Energy Solutions. The Energy Storage Products business line is driven by the design and installation of microgrid storage systems creating customized solutions using a combination of battery technologies and monitoring software. Through the Company’s Hydrogen Energy Solutions business line, it offers customers a variety of hydrogen products, including the Company’s microturbine energy systems. Because these are new offerings, Energy Storage Products and Hydrogen Energy Solutions revenue has been immaterial to date. The Company was organized in 1988 and has been commercially producing its microturbine generators since 1998.

2.  Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“generally accepted accounting principles” or “GAAP”) for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Regulation S-X promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). They do not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles for complete financial statements. The condensed consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2021 was derived from audited consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Fiscal year ended March 31, 2021. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. In the opinion of management, the interim condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments (including normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair presentation of the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows for such periods. Results of operations for any interim period are not necessarily indicative of results for any other interim period or for the full year. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Fiscal Year 2021 filed with the SEC on June 14, 2021. This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “Form 10-Q”) refers to the Company’s fiscal years ending March 31 as its “Fiscal” years.

Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year’s financial statements to enhance comparability with the current year’s financial statements. As a result, certain line items have been amended in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations and the related notes to the consolidated financial statements. Comparative figures have been adjusted to conform to the current year’s presentation. The items were reclassified as follows (in thousands):

Previously Reported

    

After Reclassification

Three Months Ended September 30, 2020

Six Months Ended September 30, 2020

Three Months Ended September 30, 2020

    

Six Months Ended September 30, 2020

Product, accessories and parts

$

9,344

    

$

18,280

    

Product and accessories

$

7,206

    

$

13,812

Service

 

5,562

 

10,819

Parts and service

 

7,700

 

15,287

Total revenue

$

14,906

$

29,099

Total revenue

$

14,906

$

29,099

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Significant Accounting Policies  There have been no changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies described in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for Fiscal Year 2021 filed with the SEC on June 14, 2021, that have had a material impact on the Company's condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes.

Evaluation of Ability to Maintain Current Level of Operations  In connection with the preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements for the three and six months ended September 30, 2021, management evaluated whether there were conditions and events, considered in the aggregate, that raised substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to meet its obligations as they became due over the next twelve months from the date of issuance of the Company’s second quarter of Fiscal 2022 interim condensed consolidated financial statements. Management assessed that there were such conditions and events, including a history of recurring operating losses, negative cash flows from operating activities, the continued impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, volatility of the global oil and gas markets, a strong U.S. dollar in certain markets making its products more expensive in such markets. The Company incurred a net loss of $8.2 million and used net cash in operating activities of $19.4 million for the six months ended September 30, 2021. Cash used for working capital requirements for the quarter was primarily for increases in inventory, which was primarily due to the Company’s efforts to grow its long-term rental fleet from 10.6 MW to 21.1 MW during Fiscal 2022, as well as the delayed timing of accounts receivable collections due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, the Company used cash to replace parts under its reliability repair program established during the fourth quarter of Fiscal 2021. As of September 30, 2021, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $38.3 million, and outstanding debt of $50.9 million at fair value (see Note 10 – Term Note Payable for further discussion of the outstanding debt).

Management evaluated these conditions in relation to the Company’s ability to meet its obligations as they become due over the next twelve months from the date of issuance of these condensed consolidated financial statements. The Company’s ability to continue current operations and to execute on management’s plans is dependent on its ability to generate sufficient cash flows from operations. While no assurances can be provided, management believes that the Company will continue to make progress on its path to profitability by continuing to maintain low operating expenses and further developing its geographical and vertical markets. The Company may seek to raise funds by selling additional securities (through at-the-market offerings or otherwise). There is no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain additional funds on commercially favorable terms or at all. If the Company raises additional funds by issuing additional equity, the fully diluted ownership percentages of existing stockholders will be reduced. In addition, any equity that the Company would issue may include rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of the holders of its Common Stock.

Based on the Company’s current operating plan, management anticipates that, given current working capital levels, current financial projections and funds received under debt agreements as further described in Note 10 – Term Note Payable, and funds received under offerings of Common Stock as further described in Note 8 – Offerings of Common Stock and Warrants, the Company will be able to meet its financial obligations as they become due over the next twelve months from the date of issuance of the Company’s second quarter of Fiscal 2022 interim condensed consolidated financial statements.

Company Response to COVID-19

In March 2020, the Company began to monitor the global effects of COVID-19, the worldwide spread of which led the World Health Organization (“WHO”) to characterize it as a pandemic on March 11, 2020. Thereafter, most U.S. states imposed “stay-at-home” orders on their populations to stem the spread of COVID-19. Of specific interest to the Company, stay-at-home orders were imposed in the state of California on March 20, 2020.

On March 23, 2020 the Company enacted a Business Continuity Plan in response to COVID-19. Beginning March 30, 2020, the Company furloughed 52 employees, leaving behind only staff deemed essential for day-to-day administrative operations for a minimum period of 45 days. The Company’s Leadership Team volunteered to take a 25% temporary salary cut. In addition, 25 other top Company managers volunteered to take a similar 15% reduction in salary. Several employees returned to work June 1, 2020, most with the 15% voluntary salary cuts, with others returning in a staggered manner through the end of September 2020. Additionally, in March 2020, the Board voted to take a temporary 25% reduction in base cash retainer in support of the Company’s Business Continuity Plan. As a result of the continued global economic slowdown due to COVID-19 and the associated decline in global crude oil prices, the Company eliminated 26 positions on June 1, 2020. During the period of March 30, 2020 to June 1, 2020, the Company had limited production capability of new microturbine products, but had pre-built approximately 5.9 MW of microturbine finished goods during March 2020 for shipment during this period of suspended production. On September 28, 2020 salaries were returned to 100% and remaining furloughed employees returned to work. The Company’s vendor supply chain has also been impacted

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by the pandemic; however, the Company has been able to maintain sufficient supply flow to continue operations as of the date hereof.

On March 27, 2020, President Trump signed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (the “CARES Act”), which, among other things, outlines the provisions of the Paycheck Protection Program (the “PPP”). The Company determined that it met the criteria to be eligible to obtain a loan under the PPP because, among other reasons, in light of the COVID-19 outbreak and the uncertainty of economic conditions related thereto, the loan was necessary to support the Company’s ongoing operations. Under the PPP, the Company could obtain a U.S. Small Business Administration loan in an amount equal to the average of the Company’s monthly payroll costs (as defined under the PPP) for calendar 2019 multiplied by 2.5 (approximately 10 weeks of payroll costs). Section 1106 of the CARES Act contains provisions for the forgiveness of all or a portion of a PPP loan, subject to the satisfaction of certain requirements. The amount eligible for forgiveness is, subject to certain limitations, the sum of the Company’s payroll costs, rent and utilities paid by the Company during the eight-week period beginning on the funding date of the PPP loan.

On April 24, 2020, the Company closed on a PPP loan in the amount of $2,610,200, which was transferred by the Company into an account dedicated to allowable uses of the PPP loan proceeds. On May 13, 2020, the Company repaid $660,200 of the loan in accordance with the Fourth Amendment to the Note Purchase Agreement between the Company and Goldman Sachs Specialty Lending Group, L.P. In February 2021, the Company applied for forgiveness in full of the original balance of the PPP loan and the loan was forgiven in full on June 30, 2021. The Company received a refund of $660,200 and recorded these amounts within other income on the Company’s Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Basis for Consolidation  These condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company, Capstone Turbine International, Inc., its wholly owned subsidiary that was formed in June 2004 and Capstone Turbine Financial Services, LLC, its wholly owned subsidiary that was formed in October 2015, after elimination of inter-company transactions.

3.  Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

Adopted

In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740), Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes. The new guidance removes certain exceptions to the general principles of Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 740 in order to simplify the complexities of its application. These changes include eliminations to the exceptions for intraperiod tax allocation, recognizing deferred tax liabilities related to outside basis differences, and year-to-date losses in interim periods, among others. The effective date of this guidance for public companies is for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2020. The Company adopted ASU 2019-12 on April 1, 2021 and it did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

Not yet adopted

In August 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-06, Debt-Debt with Conversion and Other Options (Subtopic 470-20) and Derivatives and Hedging - Contracts in Entity’s own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Accounting for Convertible Instruments and Contracts in an Entity’s Own Equity. The amendments in this ASU reduce the number of accounting models for convertible debt instruments and convertible preferred stock in order to simplify the accounting for convertible instruments and reduce complexity. In addition, it amends the guidance for scope exception surrounding derivatives for contracts in an entity’s own equity. In each case, the related guidance surrounding EPS has also been amended. The amendments in this ASU are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2023. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2020-06 on its condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. The amendments in this ASU provide guidance for estimating credit losses on certain types of financial instruments, including trade receivables, by introducing an approach based on expected losses. The expected loss approach will require entities to incorporate considerations of historical information, current information and reasonable forecasts. With certain exceptions, transition to the new guidance will be through a cumulative effect adjustment to opening accumulated deficit as of the beginning of the first reporting period in which the

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guidance is adopted. In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-10, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU 2019-10”), which defers the adoption of ASU 2016-13 for Smaller Reporting Companies (“SRCs”) as defined by the SEC for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of ASU 2016-13 on its condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

Other standards issued but not yet effective, which are not discussed, are not considered material to the Company.

4.  Customer Concentrations and Accounts Receivable

E-Finity Distributed Generation, LLC (“E-Finity), one of the Company’s domestic distributors, and Optimal Group Australia Pty Ltd (“Optimal”), one of the Company’s international distributors, accounted for 23% and 11% of revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. Sales to E-Quad Power Systems GmbH (“E-Quad”), one of the Company’s international distributors, accounted for 10% of revenue for the three months ended September 30, 2020. E-Finity and Optimal accounted for 17% and 10% of revenue for the six months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. E-Finity and Cal Microturbine, one of the Company’s domestic distributors, each accounted for 10% of revenue for the six months ended September 30, 2020.

Additionally, E-Finity accounted for 20% and 13% of net accounts receivable as of September 30, 2021 and March 31, 2021, respectively. The Company recorded a net bad debt expense of zero during three and six months ended September 30, 2021. The Company recorded a net bad debt recovery of approximately $0.1 million during the three and six months ended September 30, 2020.

5.  Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost (determined on a first in first out (“FIFO”) basis) or net realizable value and consisted of the following (in thousands):

September 30,

March 31,

    

2021

    

2021

 

Raw materials

$

21,454

$

15,755

Work in process

 

(30)

Finished goods

342

Total

21,796

15,725

Less: inventory reserve

(2,021)

(2,051)

Less: non-current portion

(1,752)

(1,845)

Total inventory, net-current portion

$

18,023

$

11,829

The non-current portion of inventories represent the portion of inventories in excess of amounts expected to be sold or used in the next twelve months and primarily comprise of repair parts for older generation products still in operation but not technologically compatible with current configurations. The weighted average age of the non-current portion of inventories on hand as of September 30, 2021 is 1.1 years. The Company expects to use the non-current portion of the inventories on hand as of September 30, 2021 over the periods presented in the following table (in thousands):

Non-current Inventory

 

Balance Expected

Expected Period of Use

    

to be Used

 

13 to 24 months

$

794

25 to 36 months

 

958

Total

$

1,752

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6. Property, Plant, Equipment and Rental Assets

Property, plant, equipment and rental assets consisted of the following (in thousands):

September 30,

March 31,

    

2021

    

2021

 

Machinery, equipment, automobiles and furniture

$

15,611

$

15,523

 

Leasehold improvements

 

8,548

 

8,069

 

Molds and tooling

3,336

3,192

Rental assets

 

10,493

 

8,378

 

 

37,988

 

35,162

Less: accumulated depreciation

 

(26,301)

 

(25,532)

Total property, plant, equipment and rental assets, net

$

11,687

$

9,630

During the six months ended September 30, 2021, the Company deployed an additional 2.5 megawatts of its C1000 Signature Series systems with a book value of approximately $2.1 million under its long-term rental program, bringing the total rental fleet to 13.1 MWs.

The Company regularly assesses the useful lives of property and equipment and retires assets no longer in service. Depreciation expense for property, plant, equipment and rental assets was $0.4 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Depreciation expense for property, plant, equipment and rental assets was $0.8 million and $0.6 million for the six months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

7. Stock-Based Compensation

The following table summarizes, by condensed consolidated statements of operations line item, stock-based compensation expense (in thousands):

Three Months Ended

Six Months Ended

September 30,

September 30,

    

2021

    

2020

    

2021

    

2020

 

Cost of goods sold

$

30

    

$

20

$

57

    

$

37

Research and development

 

18

 

6

 

35

 

18

Selling, general and administrative

 

285

 

193

 

546

 

374

Stock-based compensation expense

$

333

$

219

$

638

$

429

Stock Plans

2000 Equity Incentive Plan and 2017 Equity Incentive Plan

In June 2017, the Company’s Board adopted the Capstone Green Energy Corporation 2017 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2017 Plan”), which was approved by the stockholders at the Company’s 2017 annual meeting of stockholders on August 31, 2017 (the “2017 Annual Meeting”). The 2017 Plan provides for awards of up to 300,000 shares of Common Stock. The 2017 Plan is administered by the Compensation and Human Capital Committee designated by the Board (the “Compensation Committee”). The Compensation Committee’s authority includes determining the number of incentive awards and vesting provisions. On June 5, 2018, the Company’s Board of Directors adopted an amendment of the 2017 Plan to increase the aggregate number of shares of Common Stock authorized for issuance under the 2017 Plan by 300,000 shares of Common Stock. The amendment of the 2017 Plan was approved by the Company’s stockholders at the 2018 annual meeting of stockholders on August 30, 2018. Since this time, the Company’s stockholders have approved amendments to increase the aggregate number of shares authorized for issuance under the 2017 Plan by an additional 1,300,000 shares of Common Stock. Most recently, on June 2, 2021, the Company’s Board of Directors adopted Amendment No. 4 (the “Plan Amendment”) of the 2017 Plan to increase the aggregate number of shares of Common Stock authorized for issuance under the 2017 Plan by 500,000 shares of Common Stock. The Plan amendment was approved by the Company’s stockholders at the 2021 annual meeting of stockholders on August 27, 2021.

As of September 30, 2021, there were 867,423 shares available for future grants under the 2017 Plan.

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Restricted Stock Units and Performance Restricted Stock Units

The Company issued restricted stock units under the Company’s 2000 Equity Incentive Plan, as well as issued (and may in the future issue) restricted stock units under the 2017 Plan to employees, non-employee directors and consultants. The restricted stock units are valued based on the closing price of the Company’s Common Stock on the date of issuance, and compensation cost is recorded on a straight-line basis over the vesting period. The restricted stock units issued to employees vest over a period of two, three or four years. For restricted stock units with two year vesting, 100% vests on the second year anniversary. For restricted stock units with three year vesting, one-third vest annually beginning one year after the issuance date. For restricted stock units with four year vesting, one-fourth vest annually beginning one year after the issuance date. The restricted stock units issued to non-employee directors vest one year after the issuance date. The following table summarizes restricted stock unit and performance restricted stock unit (“PRSU”) activity during the six months ended September 30, 2021:

Weighted

Average Grant

Date Fair

Restricted Stock Units and Performance Restricted Stock Units

Shares

Value

 

Non-vested restricted stock units outstanding at March 31, 2021

    

497,281

    

$

5.65

Granted

 

243,014

5.69

Vested and issued

 

(137,670)

4.75

Forfeited

 

(6,760)

6.25

Non-vested restricted stock units outstanding at September 30, 2021

 

595,865

5.86

Restricted stock units expected to vest beyond September 30, 2021

 

595,865

$

5.86

The following table provides additional information on restricted stock units and performance restricted stock units:

Three Months Ended September 30,

Six Months Ended September 30,

    

2021

    

2020

    

2021

    

2020

Restricted stock compensation expense (in thousands)

$

333

    

$

219

    

$

638

    

$

429

Aggregate fair value of restricted stock units vested and issued (in thousands)

$

543

    

$

243

    

$

704

    

$

265

Weighted average grant date fair value of restricted stock units granted during the period

$

4.53

    

$

4.27

    

$

5.69

    

$

4.27

As of September 30, 2021, there was approximately $2.5 million of total compensation cost related to unvested restricted stock units that is expected to be recognized as expense over a weighted average period of 2.3 years.

The Company’s PRSU activity is included in the above restricted stock units tables. The PRSU program has a three-year performance measurement period. The performance measurement period begins on April 1 of the first fiscal year and ends on March 31 of the third fiscal year after the grant date. The program is intended to have overlapping performance measurement periods (e.g., a new three-year cycle begins each year on April 1), subject to Compensation Committee approval. At the end of each performance measurement period, the Compensation Committee will determine the achievement against the performance objectives.

During the six months ended September 30, 2021, the Company granted 35,986 PRSUs with a three-year performance measurement period. The target PRSU awards for each participant, will be paid upon achievement of the target level of performance for aftermarket sales absorption and payoff or refinancing of its debt with a reduced rate, taking into account the applicable weighting for the individual metric. Achievement of a performance goal at the threshold level will result in a payment that is 50% of the target PRSU award. Achievement of a performance goal at the maximum level will result in a payment that is 150% of the target PRSU award. The Compensation Committee will use an interpolation table that weights performance between levels for determining the portion of the Target PRSU that is earned. There were no PRSUs granted during the six months ended September 30, 2020.

The weighted average per share grant date fair value of PRSUs granted during the six months ended September 30, 2021 was $8.39. Based on the Company’s assessment as of September 30, 2021, the Company does not expect to meet the threshold of the performance measurements for the Fiscal 2022 and Fiscal 2020 PRSUs, and as a result, no compensation expense was recorded during the six months ended September 30, 2021. Compensation expense is recognized over the corresponding requisite service period and will be adjusted in subsequent reporting periods if the

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Company’s assessment of the probable level of achievement of the performance goals change. The Company will continue to assess the likelihood of the PRSU threshold being met until the end of the applicable performance period.

Stockholder Rights Plan

On May 6, 2019, the Board declared a dividend of one right (a “New Right”) for each of the Company’s issued and outstanding shares of Common Stock. The dividend was paid to the stockholders of record at the close of business on May 16, 2019 (the “Record Date”). Each New Right entitles the registered holder, subject to the terms of the NOL Rights Agreement (as defined below), to purchase from the Company one one-thousandth of a share of the Company’s Series B Junior Participating Preferred Stock (the “Preferred Stock”) at a price of $5.22 (the “Exercise Price”), subject to certain adjustments. The description and terms of the New Rights are set forth in the Rights Agreement dated as of May 6, 2019 (the “NOL Rights Agreement”) between the Company and Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc., as Rights Agent (the “Rights Agent”).

The NOL Rights Agreement replaced the Company’s Rights Agreement, dated May 6, 2016, by and between the Company and Broadridge Financial Solutions, Inc., as successor-in-interest to Computershare Inc., as rights agent (the “Original Rights Agreement”). The Original Rights Agreement, and the rights thereunder to purchase fractional shares of Preferred Stock, expired at 5:00 p.m., New York City time, on May 6, 2019 and the NOL Rights Agreement was entered into immediately thereafter.

The purpose of the NOL Rights Agreement is to diminish the risk that the Company’s ability to use its net operating losses and certain other tax assets (collectively, “Tax Benefits”) to reduce potential future federal income tax obligations would become subject to limitations by reason of the Company’s experiencing an “ownership change,” as defined in Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Tax Code”). A company generally experiences such an ownership change if the percentage of its stock owned by its “5-percent shareholders,” as defined in Section 382 of the Tax Code, increases by more than 50 percentage points over a rolling three-year period. The NOL Rights Agreement is designed to reduce the likelihood that the Company will experience an ownership change under Section 382 of the Tax Code by (i) discouraging any person or group from becoming a 4.9% or greater shareholder and (ii) discouraging any existing 4.9% or greater shareholder from acquiring additional shares of the Company’s stock.

The New Rights will not be exercisable until the earlier to occur of (i) the close of business on the tenth business day after a public announcement or filing that a person has, or group of affiliated or associated persons have, become an “Acquiring Person,” which is defined as a person or group of affiliated or associated persons who, at any time after the date of the NOL Rights Agreement, have acquired, or obtained the right to acquire, beneficial ownership of 4.9% or more of the Company’s outstanding shares of Common Stock, subject to certain exceptions or (ii) the close of business on the tenth business day after the commencement of, or announcement of an intention to commence, a tender offer or exchange offer the consummation of which would result in any person becoming an Acquiring Person (the earlier of such dates being called the “Distribution Date”). Certain synthetic interests in securities created by derivative positions, whether or not such interests are considered to be ownership of the underlying Common Stock or are reportable for purposes of Regulation 13D of the Exchange Act, are treated as beneficial ownership of the number of shares of Common Stock equivalent to the economic exposure created by the derivative position, to the extent actual shares of the Common Stock are directly or indirectly held by counterparties to the derivatives contracts.

With respect to certificates representing shares of Common Stock outstanding as of the Record Date, until the Distribution Date, the New Rights will be evidenced by such certificates for shares of Common Stock registered in the names of the holders thereof, and not by separate Rights Certificates, as described further below. With respect to book entry shares of Common Stock outstanding as of the Record Date, until the Distribution Date, the New Rights will be evidenced by the balances indicated in the book entry account system of the transfer agent for the Common Stock. Until the earlier of the Distribution Date and the Expiration Date, as described below, the transfer of any shares of Common Stock outstanding on the Record Date will also constitute the transfer of the New Rights associated with such shares of Common Stock. As soon as practicable after the Distribution Date, separate certificates evidencing the New Rights (“Right Certificates”) will be mailed to holders of record of the Common Stock as of the close of business on the Distribution Date, and such Right Certificates alone will evidence the New Rights.

The New Rights, which are not exercisable until the Distribution Date, will expire prior to the earliest of (i) May 6, 2022 or such later day as may be established by the Board prior to the expiration of the New Rights, provided that the extension is submitted to the Company’s stockholders for ratification at the next annual meeting of stockholders of the Company succeeding such extension; (ii) the time at which the New Rights are redeemed pursuant to the NOL Rights

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Agreement; (iii) the time at which the New Rights are exchanged pursuant to the NOL Rights Agreement; (iv) the time at which the New Rights are terminated upon the occurrence of certain transactions; (v) the close of business on the first day after the Company’s 2019 annual meeting of stockholders, if approval by the stockholders of the Company of the NOL Rights Agreement has not been obtained on or prior to the close of business on the first day after the Company’s 2019 annual meeting of stockholders; (vi) the close of business on the effective date of the repeal of Section 382 of the Tax Code, if the Board determines that the NOL Rights Agreement is no longer necessary or desirable for the preservation of Tax Benefits; and (vii) the close of business on the first day of a taxable year of the Company to which the Board determines that no Tax Benefits are available to be carried forward, (the earliest of (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (v), (vi) and (vii) is referred to as the “Expiration Date”).

Each share of Preferred Stock will be entitled, when, as and if declared, to a preferential per share quarterly dividend payment equal to the greater of (i) $1.00 per share or (ii) an amount equal to 1,000 times the aggregate quarterly dividend declared per share of Common Stock since the immediately preceding quarterly dividend payment date for the Common Stock (or, with respect to the first quarterly dividend payment on the Common Stock, since the first issuance of the Preferred Stock). Each share of Preferred Stock will entitle the holder thereof to 1,000 votes on all matters submitted to a vote of the stockholders of the Company. In the event of any merger, consolidation or other transaction in which shares of Common Stock are converted or exchanged, each share of Preferred Stock will be entitled to receive 1,000 times the amount received per one share of Common Stock.

8.  Offerings of Common Stock and Warrants

Common Stock Offering

On June 17, 2021, the Company entered into an amended and restated underwriting agreement (the “Underwriting Agreement”) with H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC (the “Underwriter”) whereby the Company agreed to sell to the Underwriter, and the Underwriter agreed to purchase, in a firm commitment underwritten public offering 1,904,763 shares (the “Shares”) of the Company’s Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share (the “Offering”). The offering price to the public in the Offering was $5.25 per share of Common Stock, and the Underwriter agreed to purchase the Shares from the Company pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement at a price of $4.91 per share, representing an underwriting discount of 6.5%. Pursuant to the Underwriting Agreement, the Company also granted the Underwriter an option to purchase, for a period of 30 days from the date of the Underwriting Agreement, up to an additional 285,714 shares of Common Stock (the “Option Shares”). On June 21, 2021, the Underwriter exercised the option in full.

The Offering of the Shares was registered pursuant to a shelf registration statement (No. 333-254290) on Form S-3 filed by the Company with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 22, 2021, and declared effective on April 14, 2021 (the “Registration Statement”), and made pursuant to a prospectus supplement, dated June 17, 2021, and accompanying prospectus that form a part of the Registration Statement relating to the Offering.

The Offering closed on June 22, 2021, and the Company received net proceeds of $10.5 million after deducting $1.0 million underwriting discounts, commissions and offering expenses paid by the Company.

Warrants

Series A Warrants

As of September 30, 2021, there were 217,875 Series A warrants outstanding with an exercise price of $25.50 per share of Common Stock, which expired on October 25, 2021.

Goldman Warrant

On February 4, 2019, the Company sold to Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC (the “Holder”), a Purchase Warrant for Common Shares (the “Warrant”) pursuant to which the Holder may purchase shares of the Company’s Common Stock in an aggregate amount of up to 404,634 shares (the “Warrant Shares”). The Warrant was sold to the Holder at a purchase price of $150,000, in a private placement exempt from registration under the Securities Act. The Warrant may be exercised by the Holder at any time after August 4, 2019 at an exercise price equal to $8.86 and will expire on February 4, 2024. The Warrant contains standard adjustment provisions in the event of additional stock issuances below the exercise price of the warrant, stock splits, combinations, rights offerings and similar transactions. The value of the Warrant was $2.3 million, and has been classified as an equity instrument in additional paid in capital in the Company’s condensed

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consolidated balance sheets. As of September 30, 2021, the Holder may purchase shares of the Company’s Common Stock in an aggregate amount of up to 463,067 shares.

On December 9, 2019, the Company entered into an Amendment No. 1 to the Purchase Warrant for Common Shares (the “Amendment No. 1”) with Special Situations Investing Group II, LLC (as successor in interest to Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC) (the “Warrant Holder”) that amends the Warrant. The Amendment No. 1 amended the Warrant to increase the number of Warrant Shares issuable under the Warrant (on a post-reverse split basis) and to decrease the exercise price from $8.86 per share (on a post-reverse split basis) to $3.80 per share (the “Per Share Warrant Exercise Price”). The Amendment No. 1 also amends the Warrant such that the Per Share Anti-Dilution Price is equal to the Per Share Warrant Exercise Price. As a result of the decrease in exercise price, the Company recorded the change in valuation of $0.3 million as additional debt discount with a corresponding entry to additional paid-in capital in the condensed consolidated balance sheets and statements of stockholders equity.

On June 16, 2020, the Company entered into an Amendment No. 2 to the Purchase Warrant for Common Shares (“Amendment No. 2”) with the Warrant Holder to increase the number of Warrant Shares (as defined therein) issuable under the Warrant and to decrease the exercise price from $3.80 per share to $2.61 per share (the “Per Share Warrant Exercise Price”). The Company would receive aggregate gross proceeds of $1,186,313 if the outstanding Warrant is exercised at the new Per Share Warrant Exercise Price.

Amendment No. 2 also amends the Warrant such that the Per Share Anti-Dilution Price (as defined therein) is equal to the Per Share Warrant Exercise Price as provided in the Amendment No. 2 to the Warrant. As a result of the decrease in exercise price, the Company recorded the change in valuation of $0.1 million as additional debt discount with a corresponding entry to additional paid in capital in the condensed consolidated balance sheets and statements of stockholders equity. All other terms and provisions in the Warrant remain in effect.

Goldman “2020 Warrant”

On October 1, 2020, the Company entered into an Amendment No. 3 to the Purchase Warrant for Common Shares (the “Amendment No. 3”) with Special Situations Investing Group II, LLC (as successor in interest to Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC) (the “Warrant Holder”) that amends that certain Purchase Warrant for Common Shares originally issued by the Company to Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC, dated February 4, 2019, as amended (the “Original Warrant”). Amendment No. 3 amends the Original Warrant to amend Section 2.1, Section 2.2(c) and Section 18.1 of the Warrant to, among other things, make certain changes necessitated by the issuance of a second Warrant (the “2020 Warrant”) to the Warrant Holder pursuant to the Company’s entry into the Amended & Restated (“A&R”) Note Purchase Agreement (See Note 10 – Term Note Payable).

On October 1, 2020, and pursuant to the Company’s entry into the A&R Note Purchase Agreement, the Company sold to the Warrant Holder the 2020 Warrant to purchase up to 291,295 shares (the “2020 Warrant Shares”) of the Company’s Common Stock. The 2020 Warrant was sold to the Warrant Holder at a purchase price of $10,000, in a private placement exempt from registration under the Securities Act. The 2020 Warrant may be exercised by the Warrant Holder at any time after October 1, 2020 at an exercise price equal to $4.76 and will expire on February 4, 2024. The Warrant contains standard adjustment provisions in the event of additional stock issuances below the exercise price of the warrant, stock splits, combinations, rights offerings and similar transactions. The value of the Warrant was $0.8 million, and has been classified as an equity instrument in additional paid in capital in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.  The value of the Warrant was determined using the Black-Scholes Option Pricing model using the following assumptions:

Risk-free interest rate

 

0.2%

Contractual term

 

3 years

Expected volatility

 

81.0%

September 2019 Pre-Funded and Series D Warrants

On September 4, 2019, the Company entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “Securities  Purchase Agreement”) with certain institutional and accredited investors pursuant to which the Company agreed to issue and sell in a registered direct offering (the “Registered Direct Offering”) an aggregate of 580,000 shares of Common Stock, at a negotiated purchase price of $5.00 per share, and pre-funded warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of 440,000 shares of Common Stock at a negotiated purchase price of $5.00 per Pre-Funded Warrant, for aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $5.1 million (580,000 shares of Common Stock plus 440,000 pre-funded warrants at a $5.00 per share purchase price), before deducting placement agent fees and other offering expenses. Net proceeds from the offering were

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$4.6 million. The offering closed on September 9, 2019. On October 24, 2019, a warrant holder exercised its rights to the warrant agreement to exercise on a cash basis 440,000 pre-funded warrants at an exercise price of $0.001 per share under the warrant agreement.

In a concurrent private placement, the Company issued to the purchasers warrants to purchase 765,000 shares of Common Stock, which represent 75% of the number of shares of Common Stock and shares underlying the Pre-Funded Warrants purchased in the Registered Direct Offering, pursuant to the Securities Purchase Agreement. The Common Warrants will be exercisable for shares of Common Stock at an initial exercise price of $6.12 per share for a period of five years, starting on April 2, 2020 and expiring on April 2, 2025. In January 2021, three warrant holders exercised their rights to the warrant agreement to exercise on a cashless basis 690,000 Series D warrants at an exercise price of $6.12 per share under the warrant agreement. In accordance with terms of the warrant agreement, after taking into account the shares withheld to satisfy the cashless exercise option, the Company issued 352,279 shares of Common Stock. As of September 30, 2021, there were 75,000 Series D warrants outstanding.

Stock to Vendors

From time to time, the Company may enter into agreements with vendors for sponsorship, marketing or investor relation services whereby it may agree to compensate the vendor in cash and unregistered shares of Common Stock of the Company. The value of the unregistered shares of Common Stock is recorded as prepaid marketing cost and included in prepaid expenses and other current assets and stockholder’s equity in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets and is amortized in proportion to the terms of their respective agreements.

On February 10, 2020, the Company issued 229,886 shares of the Company’s Common Stock, under a sponsorship agreement to its vendor. The prepaid marketing cost amortization associated with the Common Stock issued were $0.8 million and $0.9 million during the three and six months ended September 30, 2020, respectively and included in selling, general and administrative expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

On February 17, 2021 and April 1, 2021, the Company issued 105,933 and 9,541 shares of the Company’s Common Stock, under a sponsorship agreement and an investor relations consulting agreement, respectively to vendors. The prepaid marketing cost amortization associated with the Common Stock issued were $0.5 million and $1.0 million during the three and six months ended September 30, 2021, respectively and included in selling, general and administrative expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. As of September 30, 2021, there are no amounts remaining in prepaid marketing cost, prepaid expenses and other current assets in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets related to the value of shares issued under the sponsorship agreement and investor relations consulting agreement.

9. Fair Value Measurements

The FASB has established a framework for measuring fair value using generally accepted accounting principles. That framework provides a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The hierarchy gives the highest priority to unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (level 1 measurements) and the lowest priority to unobservable inputs (level 3 measurements). The three levels of the fair value hierarchy are described as follows:

Level 1.  Inputs to the valuation methodology are unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.

Level 2. Inputs to the valuation methodology include:

Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets
Quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in inactive markets
Inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability
Inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means

If the asset or liability has a specified (contractual) term, the level 2 input must be observable for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.

Level 3.  Inputs to the valuation methodology are unobservable and significant to the fair value measurement.

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The asset or liability’s fair value measurement level within the fair value hierarchy is based on the lowest level of any input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Valuation techniques used must maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize the use of unobservable inputs.

Basis for Valuation

The carrying values reported in the condensed consolidated balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate their fair values because of the immediate or short-term maturities of these financial instruments. The term note payable has been recorded net of a discount based on the fair value of the associated warrant and capitalized debt issuance costs and as of September 30, 2021 includes the Three-Year Term Note as discussed in Note 10 – Term Note Payable. The carrying values and estimated fair values of these obligations are as follows (in thousands):